Plaque is a sticky film that develops on your teeth throughout the day. If you don’t remove plaque thoroughly with good oral hygiene, it collects bacteria that irritate and damage healthy gum tissue. Over time, plaque will turn into a hard substance called tartar. Tartar, also called calculus, can only be removed by a dental hygienist.
Bacteria develop around the teeth and accumulate under the gum tissue. Tissue and bone that support your teeth are gradually destroyed, forming "pockets" between the gums and the teeth. Without treatment, these pockets collect even more bacteria, become deeper, and provide a bigger space for bacteria to live.
Scaling and root planing, also called deep cleaning, is a procedure we use to remove plaque and tartar above and below the gumline. During the scaling part of the process, our hygienist smooths out rough areas of the root surfaces to help stop plaque and tartar from developing and creating a further infection.
The best way to avoid gum disease is by brushing and flossing twice a day and visiting our Candia, NH dental office for professional cleanings. Treating gum disease early can reduce the permanent impact that it has on your oral health.
If it’s time for your next checkup and cleaning, please call our office to make an appointment.